On this date in 1950, 83-year-old Frances “Fanny” Hayes-Smith died. The fifth child (of eight) of President Rutherford and Lucy Hayes, she had been the Senior Presidential Child since June 30, 1947, when John Tyler's youngest daughter, Pearl, died.
On this date in 1782, John Caldwell Calhoun was born in South Carolina. He began his political career in 1810, when he was elected to the House of Representatives, where he served until 1817, when James Monroe appointed him the 10th US Secretary of War. He served until March 4, 1825, when he took office as the seventh Vice President of the United States. At the time, he was the second youngest Vice President, and is currently the sixth youngest to hold the office. Following the election of 1828, he became the second (and to date, the last) Vice President to serve under two different Presidents (John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson). Calhoun and Jackson disagreed during Jackson's first term of office, and Jackson dropped him from the ticket in favor of Martin Van Buren. Calhoun was elected to the US Senate in 1832, and became the first (now first of only two) Vice President to resign, when he left office on December 28, 1832, to take his seat in the Senate. Calhoun represented South Carolina in the Senate from December 29, 1832, until March 3, 1843, when he became the 16th US Secretary of State. He served John Tyler in that office for just under a year, and then was re-elected to the Senate, which seat he held until his death in March 1850.
On this date in 1837, Stephen Grover Cleveland was born in Caldwell, New Jersey. He dropped his first name as an adult, and was popularly known as Grover Cleveland. He won the popular vote in three successive Presidential elections, but lost the electoral vote in the second. Thus, Cleveland became the only President to serve two non-consecutive terms: 1885-89 and 1893-97. Cleveland was a bachelor when first elected, but in June 1886 he married 21-year-old Frances Folsom, becoming the second President to marry while in office, but the only one to do so in the White House (the ceremony took place in the Blue Room). Their second daughter, Esther, was born in September 1893, and is the only Presidential child to have been born in the White House. Her younger sister Marion was also born during their father's second term, but not in the White House. Grover died in 1908, and Frances later became the first Presidential widow to remarry.