On this date in 1912, Thelma Catherine Ryan was born in Ely, Nevada. Commonly known as Pat, she graduated from USC in 1937 with a BS in merchandising and a certificate to teach high school. She then went on to teach high school in Whittier, California, which is where she met Richard Nixon, who had recently graduated from Duke University law school. They married in June 1940. The Nixons moved to Washington while he served in the House of Representatives (1947-50), the Senate (1950-53), and as Vice President (1953-61). Following his loss to John Kennedy in 1960, they returned to California, where he ran for governor in 1962 (and lost again), and then finally President in 1968. Pat served as First Lady from 1969 until Nixon resigned in 1974, and then lived a private life in California, New York, and New Jersey. She died the day after her 53rd wedding anniversary, on June 22, 1993.
On this date in 1751, James Madison was born in Orange County, Virginia. He was the main author of the Constitution, one of the three authors of the Federalist Papers (which urged its adoption), and then wrote the amendments which became the Bill of Rights. Madison was a member of the first Congress, representing Virginia's 5th district from 1789 until 1793, when redistricting moved him to the newly formed 15th district. He stayed in the House until 1797. In 1801, President Jefferson appointed Madison Secretary of State, and it was under his administration that the Louisiana Purchase was concluded. In the election of 1808, Madison followed in former Secretary of State Jefferson's footsteps, as he was elected the fourth President. Madison served two full terms. He outlived his successor James Monroe, by five years, and was the last Founding Father to die, in 1836.