March 15th, 2017

book cover - tpbol

President Andrew Jackson

Two hundred fifty years ago today, Andrew Jackson was born, three weeks after his father's death, in the Waxhaws region, along the border between North and South Carolina. In 1780, as a courier in the Revolutionary War, Jackson was captured by the British and held as a prisoner of war for two weeks. He later worked as a lawyer, planter, and merchant. He was Tennessee's first representative in the House of Representatives (he served from December 1796 to September 1797). He left the House to serve in the Senate, but resigned that seat within a year. In 1798, he was appointed a judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court, where he served until 1804. In 1801, he was appointed the commander of the Tennessee militia, and it was his military career that later brought him to fame, specifically his service during the War of 1812.

In 1824, Jackson lost the Presidential election. He actually received the plurality of popular and electoral votes, but in a four-way race, no candidate had a majority, and the House elected John Quincy Adams. That was the last election without strong political party support, which would narrow the fields. Jackson was a member of the Senate at that time, serving from March 1823 to October 1825, when he resigned. In 1828, he again sought the Presidency, and this time was elected, winning re-election in 1832. Jackson died in June 1845, the only former prisoner of war to be elected President.
book cover - rtvp

Second Lady Sarah Clinton

On this date in 1800, Sarah Cornelia Tappen Clinton died. Born in 1741, she married George Clinton in 1770, and had six children in the next 15 years (the longest-lived of whom died before her 45th birthday). In 1777, George took office as the governor of New York, and he held that position until 1795. In 1792, he came in second to John Adams in the race for Vice President. After Sarah's death, George returned to the governorship (1801-04), and in 1804, he was elected the fourth Vice President.