February 27th, 2017

book cover - tpbol

22nd Amendment

On this date in 1951, Minnesota became the 36th state to ratify the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, completing ratification less than four years after Congress proposed it. It was subsequently approved by five more two states. Two states rejected the Amendment, and five took no action on it. The 22nd Amendment is the one that limits Presidents to two terms of office.
book cover - tpbol

Two Justices, a Cabinet member, and a candidate

On this date in 1886, Hugo Lafayette Black was born in Ashland, Alabama. He represented Alabama in the US Senate from 1927 to 1937, when Franklin Roosevelt appointed him to the Supreme Court. Black served on the Court from August 19, 1937, until September 17, 1971 (a week before his death). His more than 34 years on the Court is the fifth longest tenure of all Justices.

On this date in 1917, John Bowden Connally, Jr., was born in Floresville, Texas. Connally served in the US Navy during World War II, rising to the rank of lieutenant commander, and then served as Secretary of the Navy for nearly all of 1961. He was the 39th Governor of Texas from 1963 to 1969, and was the 61st Secretary of the Treasury from 1971 to 1972. Connally was sitting in front of President Kennedy when the President was assassinated in a motorcade in Dallas in November, 1963. Connally was seriously wounded in his chest, wrist, and thigh. Connally died in June 1993.

On this date in 1936, Joshua Willis Alexander died at the age of 84. Alexander represented Missouri in the House of Representatives from 1907 to December of 1919, when he resigned to become the second Secretary of Commerce. Alexander held that Cabinet post until the end of Woodrow Wilson’s administration, March 4, 1921.

On this date in 1985, Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., died at the age of 82. Lodge represented Massachusetts in the House of Representatives from 1932 to 1936, and in the Senate from 1937 to 1944 and again from 1947 to 1953. In 1953, President Eisenhower named him US Ambassador to the United Nations. In 1960, he was Richard Nixon’s vice presidential running mate. Lodge was later US Ambassador to South Vietnam (1963-64 and 1965-67), Ambassador to West Germany (1968-69), and Representative to the Holy See (1970-77).