February 24th, 2017

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Supreme Court: Charles Evans Hughes

On this date in 1930, Charles Evans Hughes became the oldest person appointed to the Supreme Court when he took his seat as the 11th Chief Justice. He was also the only person to serve non-consecutive terms on the Court. In 1910, President William Howard Taft appointed the 48-year-old Hughes Associate Justice. Hughes resigned from the Court in 1916 to run for President on the Republican ticket (he lost to President Woodrow Wilson's re-election victory). Following Taft's resignation as Chief Justice, President Herbert Hoover appointed Hughes (now 67 tears 319 days old) Chief Justice. Hughes resigned in 1941, and died in 1948 at the age of 86.
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President Andrew Johnson

On this date in 1868, the House of Representatives voted to impeach President Andrew Johnson, by a vote of 128-47, for violation of the Tenure of Office Act. Johnson had fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton over their disagreements about Reconstruction. This was the first impeachment of a President (Bill Clinton's impeachment 130 years later was the only other one to date).

The trial started ten days later, and ended in May, when the Senate voted once on May 16th and twice on May 26th for various articles. All three votes were 35 guilty to 19 not guilty, falling short of the required two-thirds to convict by one vote. Johnson remained President, and served out the remainder of his term.