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April 2017

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January 24th, 2017

book cover - tpbol

Supreme Court: Thurgood Marshall

On this date in 1993, Thurgood Marshall died. Born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908, he was the first African American member of the Supreme Court.

Marshall graduated from Howard University School of Law in 1933, and set up a private law practice in 1936. In 1940, he argued his first successful case before the Supreme Court. In 1954, he successfully argued Brown v. Board of Education before the Supreme Court, overturning the concept of "separate but equal".

In 1961, President Kennedy appointed Marshall to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. In 1965, President Johnson appointed him United States Solicitor General (he was the first African American to hold the office). In June 1967, Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court, to replace retiring Justice Tom C. Clark. Marshall was confirmed in August by a Senate vote of 69–11, and became the 96th person to serve on the Court. He retired from the Court in October 1991.
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Vice Presidential wedding anniversary: the Daweses

On this date in 1889, Caro Dana Blymyer married Charles Dawes. They had two children, and adopted two more. Their oldest son, Rufus, died in 1912, at the age of 21. Following his death, the Daweses turned to charity work, creating residence homes for down-and-out individuals in both Chicago and Boston in his memory. In 1924, Charles was elected Vice President on Calvin Coolidge's ticket, and in 1925, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his post-World War I Dawes Plan. Caro and Charles remained married until his death in 1951 (she died seven years later).