On this date in 1756, Aaron Burr, Jr., was born in Newark, New Jersey. He was the son of the second president of the College of New Jersey (which is now known as Princeton). The younger Burr received a degree in theology in 1772, but then moved to the study of law. He fought in the American Revolution, distinguishing himself for bravery, and rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the war, he earned a reputation as a brilliant trial lawyer, and was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1784. In 1789, he was appointed Attorney General of New York, and in 1791, he was elected to the US Senate. He retired from the Senate after one term, and then was elected to the New York State Assembly again, where he served until he was elected Vice President in 1800. That election prompted the passage of the 12th Amendment, which provides for the election of the President and Vice President as a slate (previously, the candidate with the second greatest number of electoral votes became the Vice President). When the electoral college tied (73 for Thomas Jefferson, and 73 for Burr), the election was thrown to the House of Representatives, which took 36 ballots to decide in Jefferson's favor. Following that unpleasantness, Jefferson was turned against Burr, and dropped him from the ticket in the election of 1804, choosing George Clinton instead. In 1804, Burr ran for the governorship of New York, but lost. Also in 1804, he dueled with Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton over an insult, and killed Hamilton. Still later in his life, he was charged with (and twice acquitted of) treason, lived for a time in Europe, and then returned to the US. He suffered a stroke in 1835, and died in September 1836.