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July 2016




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Jul. 27th, 2016

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Stepping toward the impeachment of Richard Nixon

On this date in 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to recommend the first article of impeachment against President Richard Nixon: obstruction of justice in the ballooning Watergate scandal. The committee would vote two more articles in the next three days, and then submit the entire resolution on impeachment on August 20th (nearly two weeks after Nixon's resignation).

In February, the House of Representatives had approved H.Res. 803, which gave the Judiciary Committee authority to investigate impeachment of the President.

Jul. 26th, 2016

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Today's delivery wasn't quite the surprise that it's sibling was last month. No unexpected advance copy, but instead, the two cases I'd ordered for the upcoming launch party. Still, it's great to see the newest book is now here! (Publication date is still August 16th.)

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Second Lady Ellen Colfax

On this date in 1836, Ellen Maria "Ella" Wade was born. In 1868, five years after his first wife died, and two weeks after he was elected the 17th Vice President, Ellen married Schuyler Colfax. In 1870, while she was Second Lady, she gave birth to their only child, Schuyler III (who would serve as mayor of South Bend, Indiana, from 1898 to 1901). Schuyler died in 1885; Ellen survived him by 26 years.
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Vice President George Clinton

On this date in 1739, George Clinton was born in New York. At the age of 18, he enlisted in the British Army to fight in the French and Indian War, eventually rising to the rank of lieutenant. Later he studied law, became clerk of the court of common pleas, and served in the colonial assembly.

He was a member of the New York Provincial Assembly for Ulster County from 1768 to 1776, and then became the first elected Governor of New York in 1777 (he was re-elected five times, serving until 1795).

In 1783, Clinton was with George Washington to negotiate with General Sir Guy Carleton for the evacuation of the final British troops from the United States.

In 1792, the Republican movement nominated Clinton for Vice President. He won 50 electoral votes to John Adams' 77. He was out of political office from 1795 until he was re-elected governor in 1801.

In 1804, Clinton was nominated to be Thomas Jefferson's running mate in the latter's bid for re-election (Jefferson and Vice President Aaron Burr had difficulties). Clinton served Jefferson's second term, and then was re-elected to the Vice Presidency under President James Madison (becoming the first of only two Vice Presidents to serve under two different Presidents). Clinton died of a heart attack in 1812, the first national office holder to die in office.
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Presidential wedding anniversary: the JQAdamses

On this date in 1797, 22-year-old Louisa Catherine Johnson married 30-year-old John Quincy Adams at All Hallows Barking parish in London, England (she was born in England to American parents). They had four children, and in 1825, moved into the White House, after John was elected the sixth President of the United States (the first son of a former President to succeed his father in the office). She was the only foreign-born First Lady. The Adamses were in the White House for one term, and then he had a distinguished career in the House of Representatives. Louisa died in 1852, four years after her husband.
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Presidential parents: Harry Truman

On this day in 1947, Martha Ellen Young Truman died at the age of 94 years 243 days, during the first term of office of her son, President Harry Truman. She is number three on the list of longest-lived Presidential parents.
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Presidential children: Mary Taylor

On this date in 1909, Mary Elizabeth Taylor Bliss Dandridge died at the age of 85 years 117 days, one of only 15 Presidential children to live longer than 85 years. Mary was the youngest of President Zachary Taylor's five daughters (born in 1824). In 1848, she married William Wallace Smith Bliss, an army officer who had served with her father. During her father's Presidency (1849-1850), she served as First Lady in her mother's stead.

By 1853, her father, mother, and husband had all died. In 1858, she married Philip Pendelton Dandridge and had several children.
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Cabinet: Robert Todd Lincoln

On this date in 1926, Robert Todd Lincoln died. When he was 21, his father, 16th President Abraham Lincoln, was assassinated. Robert was the only one of President Lincoln's sons to survive to adulthood. In 1881, James Garfield appointed the younger Lincoln the 35th Secretary of War. He was with Garfield when the President was shot in the summer of 1881, but stayed in the Cabinet under Chester Arthur, leaving in March 1885. In 1889, Benjamin Harrison appointed him Ambassador to the UK. At the time of his death, Lincoln had been retired from the Cabinet for 41 years 144 days, making him number 8 on the list of longest-retired Cabinet Secretaries. He is one of only two Presidential children to later serve in another President's Cabinet (the other was James A. Garfield's son James R.).
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Cabinet: W. Averell Harriman

On this date in 1986, W. Averell Harriman died at the age of 94 years 299 days. The 11th Secretary of Commerce (October 1946-April 1948), he was the fourth longest-lived Cabinet Secretary. Before his Cabinet appointment, he had served as US Ambassador to both the USSR and the UK. He was also the 48th Governor of New York (1955-58). Outside of government service, he was very successful in banking and investing.

Jul. 25th, 2016

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Second Lady Floride Calhoun

On this date in 1866, former Second Lady Floride Bonneau Calhoun died. Born in 1792, she married her first cousin once removed, John C. Calhoun, in 1811. Two months after their marriage, he joined the House of Representatives. Over the next 18 years, she gave birth to ten children, and she was Second Lady from 1825 to 1832. As Second Lady, she organized a coalition Cabinet wives against Peggy Eaton in the Petticoat Affair, putting her at odds with President Jackson. Her activities further strained the President and Vice President's relationship, and in part was responsible for her husband being dropped from Jackson's re-election ticket. Her husband resigned the Vice Presidency three months before the scheduled end of his term, in order to take up his seat in the Senate. He died in 1850.

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